Ensuring Fire Safety: A Step-by-Step Guide to Installing Fire Alarm Systems in New Construction
When it comes to fire safety, installing a fire alarm system is essential to protect lives and property. Fire alarm systems play a critical role in detecting and alerting occupants in the event of a fire, and the installation of these systems must be performed correctly to ensure their effectiveness. In this blog, we will provide a step-by-step guide for installing fire alarm systems in new construction.
Step 1: Hire a licensed fire alarm planner
Before construction begins, it is important to hire a licensed fire alarm planner in the state of Texas to design the fire alarm system. The fire alarm design must take into account load calculations, decibel requirements, backup power calculations, and must be designed in accordance with adopted National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) standards and local code. The fire alarm planner must also prepare plans that are stamped with approval by the local authority having jurisdiction.
Step 2: Install back-boxes and cables
Once construction has started, the installation of back-boxes and cables can begin. The licensed fire alarm technician or planner should perform three pre-final inspections during this stage: (1) At the completion of the device back-box installation but prior to the start of cable installation; (2) At the completion of cable installation but prior to the start of device installation; and (3) At the completion of device installation but prior to activating the fire alarm system. These inspections must be documented on the inspection form.
Step 3: Install detection devices
Detection devices, such as smoke detectors, heat detectors, duct detectors, tamper switches, flow switches, and manual pull stations, are an essential component of a fire alarm system. They detect fires and send signals to the fire alarm control panel, and must be installed according to the fire alarm design.
Step 4: Install notification devices
Notification devices, such as horns, strobes, and speakers, are an essential component of a fire alarm system. They provide audible and visual signals to alert occupants of a fire, and must be installed according to the fire alarm design.
Step 5: Install fire alarm control panel
The fire alarm control panel is the central point of the fire alarm system and must be installed in accordance with the fire alarm design.
Step 6: Install remote monitoring to the fire alarm control panel and test
Install remote monitoring to the fire alarm control panel and test the monitoring station is receiving signals.
Step 7: Final inspection with Fire Marshal Test
A final inspection must be performed by the licensed fire alarm technician or planner and documented on the fire alarm inspection form. The fire marshal will also perform a facility walk and test/inspection with the fire alarm technician to ensure the fire alarm system is installed correctly and meets local codes and standards including a comprehensive test with the monitoring center to verify it is receiving signals correctly. The Fire Marshal will also verify that the alarms move from detection, to the panel, to the monitoring station, and dispatched out to the appropriate emergency response unit. Once this test is passed the Fire Marshall will sign off on the safety and you are one step closer to obtaining an occupancy permit.
In conclusion, installing a fire alarm system in new construction is an essential step to ensure fire safety. By following these steps, you can ensure that your fire alarm system is designed, installed, and approved correctly, providing peace of mind and protection for occupants and property.
If you have any questions or need help with fire alarm installations, contact ASAP Fire Protection at 346-537-FIRE or visit our Contact page.